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Lower death rate
According to the association, around every 100th newborn has a congenital heart defect. There are currently around 200,000 young people and adults with congenital heart defects living in Germany. Thanks to improved diagnostics and further development of surgical options and improved postoperative care, around 90 percent of children with heart defects have now reached adulthood, says Kahl. About 25 years ago, on the other hand, 85 percent of those affected died by the age of 18.
Does school make you stupid? The philosopher Richard David Precht and the brain researcher Gerald Hüther discussed this provocative question on Sunday evening in the new ZDF series "Precht". Both gave the German school and education system bad marks. Conclusion: "This system doesn’t need to be reformed, it needs to be revolutionized."
Parents – no chance for school stress
No chance for the school stress
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100,000 hours of school
If the school were a commercial enterprise, it would have gone bankrupt long ago. If the school were a state system, it would have collapsed long ago, Precht begins his program. A school child goes to school for 100,000 hours, notes Precht and adds: "And if, as an adult, you were faced with the task of being tested on the eighth grade, it would look like this: You would notice that there is incredibly little left of everything you have learned in the 100,000 hours ."
Two school critics – one opinion
As a guest Precht invited the brain researcher Gerald Hüther – like him a sharp critic of the school and education system. However, anyone who expected a controversial discussion or even an exchange of blows was disappointed. Hüther and Precht were too united in their criticism of the school system. They nodded to each other and encouraged each other in their theses. New impulses that could have developed from a dispute did not materialize.
Too many subjects, too many tests
That Precht considers the school system to be fundamentally wrong becomes more than clear: "In our schools, children are taught the wrong things by the wrong people, using the wrong methods." There are too many subjects, too many tests, the students learn according to the principle of bulimia learning – quickly stuffing knowledge into themselves and then vomiting again. The biggest reproach: Individuality and passion are not developed. For the students who fail to graduate then give it "Hartz IV as a compensation for not granted equal opportunities."
Is our school obsolete?
The neurobiologist Gerald Hüther sees it similarly. "I am pretty sure that in six years there will be no more schools as we know them"he predicts. "We cannot afford to waste the most important potential that we have – that is creativity, the joy of discovery, the enthusiasm, the desire to learn from children – for any longer." Too many students left our education system without a degree. Brain research has shown that we memorize things well and permanently when they are linked to emotions. But that cannot be achieved with the current school system.
With coaching to success
But how can you do it better? Precht and Hüther do not owe the answer. Hüther recommends a system of potential development coach. Children would have to work out the material together in a group, the teacher only should "coach". The most important thing, however, is the desire to learn. The children should not lose their enthusiasm and curiosity.
Notes in the criticism
At the moment it is so that "those who have adapted best get the best grades." However, it cannot be the task of the school to make all children equal. The big companies would already respond and ask: "What else did you do?" One way of testing the skills of very good graduates is, for example "Teach first".https://123helpme.me/community-service-essay/ This program has recently also been available in Germany – young people don’t start working immediately after university, but teach children at problem schools for two years. However, Hüther would not completely abolish the grades, as demanded by Precht, because they are an important feedback for the children to know where they stand.
Instructions for self-education
These are findings that are not new. 200 years ago, Humboldt already formulated the idea that education is above all a guide to self-education. The reason why this concept has not yet been implemented is that mature, self-thinking people were not needed in large numbers in the past. But this age is over, said Hüther. "Education must succeed", that’s his credo, it shouldn’t be locked.
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Run to make the system change
But how should the implementation work? "The biggest problem is that a rather uncreative education system – starting with the persons of individual teachers, through school directors, through culture bureaucrats – should educate children to be creative." Hüther sees a civil society movement as the only way to change structures. Citizens would have to run for the system to change. It is simply necessary "that we no longer ask: dear ministries of culture, change schools."
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Schoolchildren in Germany are slightly better than the average when it comes to creative problem solving internationally, but almost a fifth are overwhelmed with everyday life and fail because of simple problems. This was the result of the fifth Pisa school comparison test with tricky everyday questions, from which new results have now been published.
The achievements of German students "creative problem solving" According to the findings of the PISA school performance assessment, they are at an average international level. In a country comparison they are in "good midfield" the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said. They would be slightly above the average for the OECD member states.
Operate the air conditioning and look for the shortest route
According to the OECD, the evaluation was about the ability to solve everyday problems that require more than just accessing school knowledge. One of the tasks from the interactive test was to understand how an air conditioning system works by operating three unlabeled controls.
Another task consisted of analyzing the functioning of a virtual vacuum cleaner robot, which carries out certain actions when it comes into contact with objects of different colors. The pupils were also confronted with a map on which the locations of various people and road sections were recorded with the respective journey times. Then they should find out where three people would have to meet if none wants to drive more than 15 minutes.
Students from Germany are only average
However, the performance of 15-year-olds in Germany fell short of the expectations that had been aroused after the results of the previous year in mathematics, reading and science. According to the OECD, this applies above all to the weakest third of students: of these, almost 20 percent do not reach the basic level (level 2) when solving problems. In Japan and Korea it is even less than seven percent.
Conversely, 13 percent of German students are among the most productive problem solvers (levels 5 and 6), but in Japan and Korea significantly more than 20 percent. According to the OECD, there is a gender difference in problem solving in this group. "It is noticeable that students do better than female students"the organization explained. In the top group in this country, 60 percent boys and only 40 percent girls are represented.
Problem solving and social background are related
The results also show that when it comes to creative problem solving, social origin and economic background are less influential than with other Pisa school achievements. Nevertheless, the OECD experts see a connection here too. Because have children from poor families "often no access to the best schools and teachers"said the study’s lead author, Francesco Avvisati. This then affects not only in the performance in mathematics, but also in solving differentiated problems. This also applies to 15-year-olds with a migration background in this country.
The consequences of the Pisa shock in 2000
Pisa, the world’s largest school test, has been organized every three years by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris since 2000. The organization wants to provide national decision-makers with information about the performance of their school systems and indirectly stimulate learning effects and improvements. The pressure to change triggered by PISA is sometimes considerable. The abbreviation "Pisa" stands for "Programs for International Student Assessment". The leader Singapore achieved 562 points in the test, Germany 509 points. Colombia, bottom of the table, had 399 points.
Expert demands more independent learning
The extremely mediocre German performance, especially in reading / text comprehension, triggered the so-called Pisa shock in the first public test. The education ministers then initiated numerous school reforms, including uniform educational standards for all 16 federal states.
In Avvisati’s view, the test results show for the German school system that more emphasis should be placed on independent learning for weaker students. Only in this way would they too be enabled "unfamiliar situations and non-routine tasks" to manage something.
Part of the test round from 2012
The test for "creative problem solving" According to the OECD, during the most recent PISA round in 2012, it took place parallel to the main survey. The focus at that time was the competence area mathematics. The OECD organizes PISA studies every three years to measure the achievement level of 15-year-old students in dozen of countries. The focus of the analysis is alternately on different performance areas. Some of the PISA questions are available here for you to tinker with yourself.
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Pisa Study: Do Our Children Really Need Pisa? General knowledge: quiz for the 5th grade General knowledge: quiz for the 12th / 13th grade great
The students are loud, violent and leaderless, the schools run down and in need of renovation and the teachers on the verge of nervous breakdown. If you believe the negative reports in the press or the docu-soaps of private television stations, our schools – and our students – are bad. But do teachers really see their job as that strenuous? Is the situation in German schools as bad as reality TV wants us to know, or is it once again grossly exaggerated?
Educators report from everyday life
We interviewed two teachers and a school social worker and asked them what the situation is like in their schools. None of them are on the verge of nervous breakdown, but the workload is heavy and problems among students cannot be denied – bullying and brawls are common. But all three are committed to a good school climate and report on many positive measures that are intended to improve the framework conditions in their schools.
School social worker Annette K .: "I was kicked by an eight year old"
Special school teacher Alexandra K .: "Teachers are lone fighters"
High school teacher Katrin V .: "I like to be a teacher"
Teacher interview: ” I was kicked by an eight year old ” Teacher interview: ” Teachers are lone warriors ” Teacher interview: ” I like being a teacher ”
Microsoft improves Internet Explorer 9. The software giant has released an update for the browser that improves the display of fonts. The update is now available for manual download.
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Briefly explained: This is how the search in the new Internet Explorer 9 works for the video
Microsoft has released an update for all Internet Explorer 9 (IE9) users that updates the Arial, Verdana and Tahoma fonts. The update KB2545698 fixes some display errors that make fonts appear blurred in IE9 compared to IE8. The effect occurred with fonts that are used particularly frequently on websites: Arial in sizes 10 and 11, Verdana in 10 and Tahoma in font sizes 11 and 13.
All IE9 browsers under Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 are affected. The update is now available for manual download from the Microsoft Support Center. Alternatively, KB2545698 can also be obtained using the Windows automatic update function. The update will be downloaded and installed automatically. Windows must be restarted after the installation.
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Problems with clear type
According to Microsoft, the fuzzy font display in Internet Explorer 9 occurs when the font is rendered. Windows uses the clear type function here, which is supposed to show all resolutions and font sizes as well as the display when zooming in sharp focus. While Internet Explorer 8 uses whole pixels for clear type, Internet Explorer 9 uses subpixel positioning.